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What is hypotension?

Apr 30,2024 | 147 min read

What is hypotension?


The pressure inside the arteries is called blood pressure. Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, means a decrease in blood pressure values. A condition where the systolic blood pressure is less than 90 mmHg. It has symptoms such as dizziness, fainting feeling, blackout, sweating and weakness.

Types of Low Blood Pressure

Types of low blood pressure can be separated as

  • Falling blood pressure while standing

  • Falling blood pressure after eating

  • Falling blood pressure due to a reason in brain signals,

  • Falling blood pressure as a result of damage to the nervous system.

Knowing which group the patient is in is important for treatment.

What Are the Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure?

Although it varies from person to person, common symptoms include:

  • Blackout,

  • Sweating,

  • Drowsiness and feeling faint,

  • Fainting,

  • Weakness,

  • Dizziness when standing up from sitting or lying down

  • General symptoms such as loss of concentration.

If these symptoms occur frequently, the patient’s low blood pressure should be controlled.

What Causes Blood Pressure Drop?

Low blood pressure can happen to everyone at a time when it is not clear when it will happen. The reasons that trigger this are as follows:

  • Due to the increased need for blood of the baby during pregnancy,

  • Conditions such as diarrhea and vomiting that cause excessive fluid loss,

  • In cases of infection,

  • When the adrenal glands cannot function,

  • In the use of certain drugs,

  • Dehydrated body,

  • Insomnia,

  • Being in the heat or inactive for a long time,

  • Heart failure,

  • Sudden drop in blood pressure due to neurological reasons,

  • Excitement, fear and in very painful situations,

  • In applying heavy diet programs to lose weight in a short time,

  • In mood changes such as stress, anxiety and depression.

How Is Low Blood Pressure Treated?

The first step in treatment is to identify the cause of low blood pressure. After the necessary determinations are made with the help of the doctor, the treatment begins. The main goal of treatment is to increase blood pressure. Treatment differs from person to person.

  • If the person with low blood pressure is young, increasing salt intake,

  • Preventing the accumulation of blood in the legs by wearing compression stockings,

  • Increasing water consumption

  • Avoiding sudden movements, not getting up suddenly from lying position,

  • If there is a persistent and frequently repeated low blood pressure, medication can be started under the control of a doctor.


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